Theories of Motivation – FourWeekMBA

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Wants Hierarchical idea based mostly on human wants Folks have 5 ranges of wants, from primary physiological must self-actualization. Herzberg’s Two-Issue Concept Focuses on job satisfaction and dissatisfaction Identifies hygiene components and motivators as separate components influencing motivation. McClelland’s Achievement Motivation Concept Emphasizes the necessity for achievement, energy, and affiliation Totally different people have completely different motivational wants based mostly on these components. Expectancy Concept Based mostly on the assumption that effort results in efficiency and efficiency results in outcomes Motivation is influenced by the perceived probability of success and the worth of the result. Self-Dedication Concept Emphasizes intrinsic and extrinsic motivation Autonomy, competence, and relatedness drive motivation. Aim-Setting Concept Focuses on setting particular, difficult targets Targets present path and motivation for people and teams. Fairness Concept Involved with equity in rewards and outcomes Individuals are motivated after they understand equity within the distribution of rewards. Reinforcement Concept Emphasizes the function of rewards and punishments Conduct is formed by penalties, together with constructive and adverse reinforcement. Cognitive Analysis Concept Examines how extrinsic rewards have an effect on intrinsic motivation Extrinsic rewards can improve or diminish intrinsic motivation relying on components like autonomy. Job Traits Mannequin Identifies core job traits influencing motivation Jobs with excessive ranges of ability selection, job id, job significance, autonomy, and suggestions are extra motivating. Self-Efficacy Concept Focuses on a person’s perception of their capacity to carry out duties Excessive self-efficacy results in elevated motivation and efficiency. ERG Concept (Existence, Relatedness, Development) A modification of Maslow’s hierarchy People have three core wants: existence, relatedness, and progress. Vroom’s Expectancy Concept Addresses the connection between effort, efficiency, and outcomes People take into account expectancy, instrumentality, and valence when assessing motivation.